Area: Canada, United States, and northwest Mexico
Habitat: Coastlines, lakes, rivers, swamps, and marshes
Food: Fish, rabbits, squirrels, other birds, and even young deer
Size: 29 to 42 inches long
Babies: 1 to 3 eggs are laid; eaglets hatch 35 days later
Even though a bald eagle is less than 4 feet tall, its wings more than make up for it—they span 5 1/2 to 8 feet! And these birds know how to use them—a bald eagle can reach a speed of up to 200 miles per hour when diving through the air to grab a meal. These wings are really “in tune,” because when a bald eagle loses a feather on one wing, it also loses a matching one on the other wing; this way the bird stays balanced.
You may have heard someone say you have “eagle eyes.” You should take it as a compliment, because it means you can see things that others might not notice. Bald eagles can see four to seven times better than humans. The bald eagle is also our national bird. But one great American, Benjamin Franklin, thought the bald eagle was a poor choice for a national symbol because it sometimes steals food from other birds.
Bald eagles are master nest builders. An eagle pair usually makes a large nest high in a sturdy tree. They comes back to the same nest year after year, adding more twigs, grass, moss, feathers, and branches each time until it becomes huge. The largest known eagle nest was found in Florida; it measured 9 feet across, 20 feet deep, and it weighed more than 2 tons! Sometimes a nest becomes so heavy that the branches supporting it break, and the nest comes crashing down! Then the eagle pair has to start all over again.
Source: San Diego Zoo